## Book Review: Everyday Cryptography 56 56

benrothke writes

While the book notes that almost no prior knowledge of mathematics is required since the book deliberately avoids the details of the mathematical techniques underpinning cryptographic mechanisms. That might be a bit of a misnomer as the book does get into the mathematics of cryptography. While the mathematics in the book is not overwhelming, they are certainly not underwhelming. For those that want a deeper look, the book includes an appendix for many of the mathematical concepts detailed in the book.*"When Bruce Schneier first published*Read below for the rest of Ben's review.*Applied Cryptography*in 1994, it was a watershed event, given that is was one of the first comprehensive texts on the topic that existed outside of the military. In the nearly 20 years since the book came out, a lot has changed in the world of encryption and cryptography. A number of books have been written to fill that gap and*Everyday Cryptography: Fundamental Principles and Applications*is one of them. While the title may give the impression that this is an introductory text; that is not the case. Author Keith Martin is the director of the information security group at Royal Holloway, a division of the University of London, and the book is meant for information security professionals in addition to being used as a main reference for a principles of cryptography course. The book is also a great reference for those studying for the CISSP exam."Everyday Cryptography: Fundamental Principles and Applications | |

author | Keith M. Martin |

pages | 592 |

publisher | Oxford University Press |

rating | 9/10 |

reviewer | Ben Rothke |

ISBN | 978-0199695591 |

summary | Excellent fundamental text on essentials of cryptography |

Two benefits of the book are that it stresses practical aspects of cryptography and real-world scenarios. The mathematics detailed avoids number throaty with a focus on practicability. It also shows how cryptography is used as the underlying technology behind information security, rather than simply focusing on the abstracts of the potential of cryptography.

With that, the books 13 (made up of 4 parts) chapters provide a comprehensive overview of the theory and practice around all as aspects of contemporary cryptography. Each of the chapters end with a summary, detailed lists of items for further reading, and sets of penetration questions that challenge the reader. Readers are advised to spend time on these questions as it is often easy for the reader to feel that they understand the material. The questions can quickly humble the reader and show them that it may not be the case.

Part 1 is titled Setting the Scene and provides a comprehensive introduction to the fundamental of cryptography. Chapter 1 (freely available here) details the basic principles about cryptography and provides a high-level introduction.

Chapter 2 provides a good overview of the history of cryptography. It details a number of obsolete, yet historically relevant ciphers, such as the Vigenère cipher from the 1500's, to the Playfair cipher from the mid-1800's and others. Martin provides a good overview of the cryptanalysis of the Vigenère cipher and lessons learned from it.

Chapters 4-9 comprise part 2, and provide a thorough overview of the various forms of encryption (symmetric and asymmetric) and digital signatures. This section gets into some of the deeper mathematics of cryptography. While the author states that almost no prior knowledge of mathematics is needed; those without a background will surely be confused by some of the material.

Chapter 7 closes with a good overview of the relationship between digital signatures and handwritten signatures. The author notes the importance of resisting any temptation to consider digital signatures as a direct electronic equivalent of handwritten signatures. He then provides a detailed outline of the environmental, security, practical and flexibility differences between them.

Key management is one of the most important aspects of cryptography and often the most difficult to execute on. Part of the difficulty around key management is at the user level, with key updates, passphrase management and more. Ultimately, effective key management is essential to the underlying security of the crypto system. The 2 chapters in part 3 provide a thorough synopsis of the fundamentals of key management.

Part 4 closes the book with two chapters on practical cryptographic applications. Chapter 12 details how cryptography can be used on the internet, secure payment cards, video broadcasting and more.

The book concludes with an appendix on the mathematics of cryptography, which takes a look at the basic mathematical concepts the underlie some of the material in the book.

This book is not for the fainthearted and is not an introductory text on the topic. It is meant for the advanced reader or someone taking a college level course. For such a reader serious about a significant overview of the essentials on the topic,

*Everyday Cryptography: Fundamental Principles and Applications*is an excellent reference.

Ben Rothke is the author of Computer Security: 20 Things Every Employee Should Know.

You can purchase

*Everyday Cryptography: Fundamental Principles and Applications*from amazon.com. Slashdot welcomes readers' book reviews -- to see your own review here, read the book review guidelines, then visit the submission page.

## Re: (Score:2)

It's a simple three way substitution cipher.

F maps to I. r maps to a. i maps to m. Advance the next key, s now maps to a. t amps to m. P maps to o. Advance the next key. s maps to r. o maps back to o (tricky!) and t maps to n.

## Everyday book reviewing (Score:1)

While the book notes that almost no prior knowledge of mathematics is required since the book deliberately avoids the details of the mathematical techniques underpinning cryptographic mechanisms. That might be a bit of a misnomer as the book does get into the mathematics of cryptographyWhile the review makes no claim as to the reviewer's grasp of the English language. That might be a blatantly obvious conclusion as it is nigh unreadable.

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it's been cross-posted [rsaconference.com] and advertised on the reviewer's twitter account.

the review really is a shameful piece of work and it's not just spelling and grammar. he gives

no solid reason whatsoeverwhy this book is better (or even significantly different from) the 1996 edition ofapplied cryptography, which he mentions in the introduction. here are the topics he presents: historical ciphers; modern symmetric/asymmetric encryption; key management; and a few applications shoved into the last chapter.apart from the applications, none of these things have fundamentally changed since 1996. sure, the book might have more up-to-date details but, oh, that's right, the review doesn't mention it either way. there are supposedly-difficult (note: this is completely subjective) questions, and some "mathematics" in an appendix (not a good sign). there is no comment on technical details at all.

And never mind the similarity between this and the Schneier book Practical Cryptography (which would seem like a much more relevant comparison...)

## Re:Everyday book reviewing (Score:4, Insightful)

Seriously, this review reads like something I might have written in middle school. All the sentences are short and factual with abrupt endings and poor transitions, composed into overly short paragraphs. It's more like the outline notes for a review than a review itself. In fact, I think it might be, since there isn't any actual "review" at all, just a list of "he says

xat pointy."And I'm not even going to touch the "number throaty" he appears to be glad the author avoided.

## Re:Everyday book reviewing (Score:4, Funny)

Want to find out if the cryptanalysts ever broke Vigenère's cipher? Then read the book!

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If he had written it in middle school, it would have ended:

Want to find out if the cryptanalysts ever broke Vigenère's cipher? Then read the book!

"Cryptography is a land of contrasts."

## Re: (Score:3)

While the book notes that almost no prior knowledge of mathematics is required since the book deliberately avoids the details of the mathematical techniques underpinning cryptographic mechanisms. That might be a bit of a misnomer as the book does get into the mathematics of cryptographyWhile the review makes no claim as to the reviewer's grasp of the English language. That might be a blatantly obvious conclusion as it is nigh unreadable.

No he's just demonstrating how something can be encrypted without mathematics

## The mathematics avoids number throaty?? (Score:2)

What the frack does that even mean?

## Re:The mathematics avoids number throaty?? (Score:4, Informative)

It means he should have gotten a third party to help proof his review.

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It means he should have gotten a third party to help proof his review.

Ben Rothke is the author of Computer Security: 20 Things Every Employee Should Know.You would think he would know one or two...

## Re:The mathematics avoids number throaty?? (Score:4, Interesting)

One can read this book in a short time, and I think doing so is a good idea for those of us who use computers, especially at work. ”

This is a great book to give to every corporate user who quickly needs to come up to seeped on what they need to do.

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OMG. Undoing moderation in this thread to post more gems from those reviews:

## Best guess on "throaty" (Score:3)

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"Damn you autocorrect!"

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Motormouthing?

Verbiage?

In any case, 'some strange usage of the word "throaty" that I wasn't previously aware of'.

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The mathematics avoids number throaty??What the frack does that even mean?

It means that the mathematics isn't too deep. 8P

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## Spoiler Alert (Score:2, Funny)

Some examples of "Everyday Cryptography":

C24ECA6EBF46867514A111761CC08 - compare at $3.88!

E589967E4C2CCFA1888AD29C16CB - compare at $4.77!

1904ECB28EF98C7FB11715226452E - compare at $2.93!

F7B098C3998C58B36D9ABE8DB653 - compare at $4.13!

8C9721A45F3FB355DCB56F2EED86 - compare at $6.32!

## You know you want to decode it (Score:3)

Message: bka mtn lke lwp hga me

Key: pfrbeoxqasthnmlyjkigdwcvzu

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a christmas storyis an almost, if not completely, secular piece of americana.## A very good teacher (Score:5, Informative)

I haven't read the book, but I studied cryptography under Professor Keith Martin at RHUL. He was never anything but encouraging of my attempts to design cryptographic protocols. On one occasion I was trying to invent a new symmetric key exchange protocol, reducing the trust required in the trusted third party. He gave me some good pointers, but did observe that the protocol required in the assignment was, by definition, supposed to be a *trusted* third party protocol. Nevertheless, he allowed me to work some of the ideas out a bit more. It was a lot of fun (but a terrible protocol!).

Anyway, I must get a copy of this book. It it's anything at all like his teaching it will be money well spent.

## Additional reading (Score:1)

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